The first sign of diabetic nephropathy is the presence of protein in the urine. Small amounts of albumin show up in the urine 5 to 1o years before major kidney damage happens. The following...
What is Diabetes Kidney Disease (Diabetic Nephropathy)?
In medical field, the pathological theory of Diabetes caused kidney disease is as following:
The GFR and creatinine levels in different stages in diabetes nephropathy
How does Diabetes lead to Diabetic Nephropathy?
What do high creatinine levels mean?
HBALC, short for glycated hemoglomin, is a combined product of hemoglimin(existing in erythrocytes) and blood sugar. Compared with other figures, glycated hemoglobin can more comprehensively reflect how blood sugar is controlled in the past...
During the first stage, clinical manifestation is featured by enlarged kidney size (by 25%) and increased GFR (by 20%-40%). Kidneys are in the state of high blood perfusion, and normalization of blood sugar can...
Creatinine and its normal level