The Simplest Tests for Diabetic Nephropathy
Diabetic nephropathy is diagnosed using tests that check for a protein in the urine which points to kidney damage. A microalbumin urine test is needed to diagnose diabetic nephropathy. The test can detect very small amounts of protein in the urine that can not be detected by a routine urine test, allowing early detection of nephropathy. Early detection is important, to prevent further damage to the kidneys.
Creatinine test can tell how well your kidneys are working. Creatinine test is a blood test. If your creatinine is beyond the normal range, your kidneys have been damaged.
BUN stands for blood urea nitrogen. Urea nitrogen is what forms when protein breaks down. The BUN test is often done to check kidney function. The normal result is generally 6-20 mg/dl. (normal values may vary among different labs. Take to your doctor about your specific test results)
Other tests include:
24-hour urine protein
Blood levels of calcium, bicarbonate, PTH, and potassium
Blood pressure is also very important for diabetes people. You need to check it at home or in your doctor’s office. Blood pressure rises as kidney damage progresses. Blood pressure plays important role on the progress of kidney disease. Most diabetics suffer from high blood pressure which over time can damage kidneys.
The above is some simplest test which you need for diagnosis. Your doctor will order blood test and urine test for you.
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