Which Diabetes Accompanies Renal Insufficiency
Diabetes is a disease which affects the glucose levels in the blood. Glucose is vital to your health because it is an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. There are two major diabetes – type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes.
Type 1 diabetes can occur at any age. However，it is most often diagnosed in children, adolescents, or young adults. In type 1 diabetes, you body on longer produce little or no insulin. Insulin is a hormone which can regulate the blood sugar in the body.
Type 2 diabetes is often diagnosed in adults. When you have type 2 diabetes, your fat, liver, and muscle cells do not respond correctly to insulin. This is called insulin resistance. As a result, blood sugar does not get into these cells to be stored for energy. When sugar can not enter cells, high levels of sugar build up in the blood.
Diabetes and renal insufficiency
No matter what type of diabetes you develop, high blood sugar, it means you have too much glucose in your blood. High blood sugar makes the kidneys filter too much blood. All this extra work is hard on the filters. After many years, they start to leak a useful protein is lost in the urine. Having small amounts of protein in the urine is called microalbuminuria.
Diabetic nephropathy is classified into five stages. In the first two stages, there are no obvious symptoms but only mild kidney damage. In stage 3 kidney disease, it is a mark stage. In this stage, if untreated well, it can develop into end-stage renal disease. If treated well, the disease may be reversed.
In summary, if you have diabetes, no matter what type, it may cause diabetic nephropathy. The best way is to control your blood sugar. (Click here to learn about How to reduce blood sugar in type 1 diabetes)
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