What are Diagnostic Methods of Type 1 Diabetes
1. HbA1c (glycolated hemoglobin) test
The HbAlc test is traditionally a measure of long-term control of glucose level in the bloodstream, which is recommended by the American Diabetes Association as an option for Diagnosis of Diabetes. If the result on the HbAlc is at or above 6.5, it is considered as diagnosis for Diabetes.
2. Glucose tolerance test
Glucose tolerance test can be divided into oral glucose tolerance test, intravenous glucose tolerance test, and cortisone glucose tolerance test. Oral glucose tolerance test is performed most commonly.
It is considered normal if your blood glucose at the two-hour mark is below 140 mg/dl. A reading that exceeds 200 mg/dl after the same time period indicates Diabetes. You should repeat the test on a different day if the level is higher than 200mg/dl.
3. C- peptide level test
The fasting normal value is 1.0+-0.23ug/L. If your value is lower or cannot be measured, you are indicated Diabetes.
4. Blood glucose test
Blood glucose tests include fasting blood glucose test, two-hr postprandial blood sugar test and random blood glucose test. Levels of fasting blood glucose above 6.1mmol/L, or two-hr postprandial blood sugar above 11.1mmol/L, or random blood glucose above 11.1mmol/L, are indications of Diabetes.
Tests above are diagnostic methods of Type 1 Diabetes through which you can understand your own condition. Once diagnosed with Type 1 Diabetes, you should receive timely treatment. The most advanced Stem Cell Transplantation is the best choice for treating Diabetes, which can repair the pancreas islet and renal function so as to guarantee a normal life.
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