Dietary Advice on Patients with Diabetic Dyslipidemia
Insulin does not only affect the metabolism of sugar, but also metabolism of lipid. As a result of insufficient insulin in the bloodstream, the fat tissue’s ability of taking in the sugar and clearing the triglyceride from the serum, eventually the concentration of free fatty acid and triglyceride increases in the bloodstream.
At the same time, most diabetics have insulin resistance, which could make HDL (high density lipoprotein), which is called “good cholesterol”, decrease, and LDL (low density Lipoprotein), which is called “bad cholesterol” increase.
Below are the common types of Diabetic Dyslipidemia:
1. HTG (hypertriglyceridemia): the concentration of serum triglyceride rises
2. hypercholesterolemia:the total concentration of serum cholesterol elevates
3. combined hyperlipidemia:both the concentration of cholesterol and triblyceride increases
4. Low high-density lipoprotein (HDL) hematic disease:
The concentration of serum HDL (high density lipoprotein) dips, which is often accompanied by increasing concentration of triglyceride.
Here are ways to reduce the cholesterol level through everyday diet:
1. choosing fish, poultry and lean meat
These animal foods have low concentration of fatty acid and high protein content.
2. patients can drink 50-100ml red wine every day to increase the level of HDL(high density lipoprotein), promote blood circulation and protect against atherosclerosis.
3. patients should eat more yellow vegetables, like carrot, sweet potato, pumpkin and potato, which contain abundant carotene. Carotene can boost the immune system and reduce the risk of developing tumor.
4. patients should drink green tea and eat more of green vegetables.
5. patients should incorporate oatmeal into their diet, and 50g should be the best daily amount.
6. patients should eat more Jew's-ear
Eating 5 to 15 grams of Jew’s-ear every day can lower cholesterol and blood viscocity significantly, preventing against thrombus.