How Does Diabetes Affect the Kidneys

Diabetes occurs when the body produces a little or no insulin, or the body can not effectively use insulin.

2. What are kidneys and how do they work?

Kidneys are called “the body’s chemical engineer”. They are two bean-shaped organs, each about the size of a fist. They are located near the middle of the back, just below the rib cage, one on each side of spine. Renal function is the followings

a. Remove the wastes from the blood

b. Regulate fluid and mineral substance in the body to maintain healthy.

c. Produce hormones to regulate other renal functions because many organs can not work normally without kidneys.

3. How does diabetes affect your kidneys?

a. Damage blood vessels. Even if people use insulin to lower blood pressure, diabetes still can damage the systemic blood capillary, which may involve in retina, influencing vision and leading to blind. At the same time, blood capillary in the filter tissue can be damaged, which leads to proteinuria (protein in the urine)

Over time, more protein will be lost and fluid in the blood can enter the tissues, forming edema (swelling). Several years later, the damage to kidney filtration tissue from diabetes is more severe, eventually leading to renal failure.

Diabetes people should completely give up smoking for smoking can hurt blood vessels and aggravate complications of diabetes.

b. Damage nerve.

Diabetes damages nerves in many parts of the body. If the bladder is affected, there is difficulty in urinating. If the bladder are filled with urine, urine will flow into the kidneys, which can cause damage to the kidneys.

c. Infection

Germ can live in the urine due to high blood glucose, which can infect kidneys. Diabetes people need to prevent infection. A prompt infection is necessary once infection occurs.

Learn more about Ways to Control Diabetic Nephropathy

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