HBALC and Its Clinical Significance for Diabetes
HBALC, short for glycated hemoglomin, is a combined product of hemoglimin(existing in erythrocytes) and blood sugar. Compared with other figures, glycated hemoglobin can more comprehensively reflect how blood sugar is controlled in the past 2 to 3 months. Regular HBALC test can is of great help for controlling blood sugar so as to decrease chances of complications and improve life quality.
So what is HBALC?
HbALc occurs when haemoglobin joins with glucose in the blood. Haemoglobin molecules make up the red blood cells in the blood stream.
When glucose sticks to these molecules it forms a glycoslated haemoglobin molecule – also known as A1c and HbA1c.
Clinical significance of HBALC
The characteristics of HbALC determines that it is of great clinical significance to detect blood sugar:
1. HbALC runs parallel to blood sugar level
The higher blood sugar is, the higher glycated hemoglobin will be. So HBALC cab reflect whether blood sugar is well controlled.
2. Slow generation speed
We all know that common blood sugar level test can only reflect temporary its state. Comparatively, glycated hemoglobin is generated slowly and gradually so temporary blood sugar elevation or decline can will not cause corresponding sudden change of HBALC.
3. Not easily resolved.
Once formed, glycated hemoglobin stays stable and not easily resolved. Thereby, HBALC can reflect whether blood sugar is well controlled in a long time. Usually, glycated hemoglobin can reflect average level of blood sugar in the past two months.
Due to those reasons, HBALc can be help to get a through idea as to how well blood sugar is controlled.
What is the normal level for HBALC?
American Diabetes Association suggests that glycated hemoglobin should be controlled within 7%, while the normal level advised by International Diabetes Foundation is within 6.5%.
Diabetics are advised to take regular HBALC test so as to keep an eye to whether your illness condition is well controlled in the past months.
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