Dietary Advice for Patients with Proteinuria
Compared with animal protein, plant proteins contains large amounts of purine base, which can add burden to kidneys and are not suitable for patients with kidney diseases. Therefore, although some plants such as bean products are rich in protein, patients with proteinuria should also try to avoid. In addition, foods that can stimulate our kidneys should also be avoided, such foods mainly include spicy or fried foods, water products such as sea fishes, crabs, garlic, raw onions, caraways, dog meat and so on.
As protein is essential for preserving blood fluid stability, heavy protein leakage to urine( more than 3.5 grams/24 h) often comes together with swelling. For Diabetic Nephropathy, heavy proteinuria and swelling happens when the disease have entered Stage4(clinical Diabetic Nephropathy), protein intake should be strictly controlled so as not to add burden on the kidneys. As high salt intake can aggravate swelling, daily salt intake should be paid special attention to. Usually, patients with obvious swelling should control salt amount within 3 grams per day and water intake should also be seriously controlled. As the specific illness condition differs, patients with heavy proteinuria and swelling can consult their doctors to make a detailed diet plan for themselves so as not to deteriorate kidney damage.
For patients with electrolyte imbalance such as high or low potassium(normal blood potassium level is 3.5-5.4mmol/L), foods should be selected and adjusted according to your specific condition. Besides, protein intake should also be controlled for patients with blood urea nitrogen. Above are some advice for patients with proteinuria. As clinically proteinuria is often accompanied by other conditions, so when you are making a diet plan, it is necessary to take your overall condition into account so as to make a suitable diet plan for yourself. You may consult our experts online to get some beneficial advice for you own condition.
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