Diabetic Nephropathy (Diabetic Kidney Disease) Diet

It is a little difficulty for patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease to arrange their diet properly for they have to guarantee enough hot and nutrition supplement, but also should limit the intake of carbohydrate, fat and protein. Then, how to arrange their diet rationally for patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease? As follows:

1. Limit protein intake

If patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease keep high protein intake, it will aggravate the hyper filtration state of kidney. What’s worse, it also can increase the production and retention of nitrogen metabolin thus causing more renal damage. Therefore, the patients should limit their protein intake properly. The patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease should keep their protein intake within 0.6~0.8 grams per day and improve the portion of quality protein intake such as fish, lean meat, egg white and other animal protein.

2. Keep proper calorie intake

As the patients decline the protein intake, in order to guarantee enough nutrition, the patients should increase their calorie intake. The patients should keep 30~35 kilocalories/ kg calorie intake per day. They can choose some food that contain high calorie, but low protein such as potato, pumpkin and so on.

3. Limit salt intake

After Diabetic Kidney Disease develops into terminal stage, many patients will have high blood pressure and edema, they should limit their salt intake so as to delay further renal damage and complications. However, if the patients are accompanied with serous vomit and diarrhea, they should not limit their salt intake strictly.

4. Keep water intake balanced

Keeping proper water intake is very important for patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease. After their disease develops into End Stage Renal Failure, the patients are very likely to have oliguria and even anuria. At that time, it is very important for patients to limit their water intake. Therefore, their water intake should be more than 500 ml than the urine volume in the previous day. However, if the patients are accompanied with serious fever, vomit, diarrhea and other symptoms, they need not limit their water intake strictly. In those situations, the patients should increase their fluid supplement properly.

A healthy diet can delay the disease development effectively for patients with Diabetic Kidney Disease. Therefore, the patients should keep a healthy dietary habit. However, a diet can be just considered as an assistant therapy. What the patients should do firstly, the patients with Diabetes should receive effective treatment before they have renal damage.

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