Diet for Diabetics on Dialysis
1.Controlling blood sugar
Controlling blood sugar is of great significance to decrease the likelihood of developing diabetes-related problems and decreasing risk factors. All carbohydrate containing foods, including bread, cereal, pasta, rice, starchy vegetables, fruits, juices and many sugar-free desserts can increase blood sugar levels. Therefore, the total amount of carbohydrates should be balanced with the medicines .
2. Controlling sodium and fluid intake
For end-stage renal disease(ESRD), wastes, toxins and water can not be effectively excreted so that sodium and water retention develops, causing symptoms such as swelling, high blood pressure, short of breath and so on. When this excess fluid is removed during dialysis, you can feel dizzy and weak afterwards. Eating less sodium and controlling your fluid intake can help you feel comfortable before and after your dialysis sessions.
3. Careful potassium controlling
Potassium is an important ion in the body that take part in metabolism and preserving heart functions. For Chronic Kidney Disease(CKD) sufferers, the potassium can not be effectively discarded by kidneys, causing blood potassium elevation and affecting heart functions. In severer situations, there can appear heart arrest. High potassium foods include bananas, oranges, tomatoes and so on. Patients on dialysis need to consult their doctors as to whether certain amount of potassium containing foods can be taken based on their specific blood potassium.
3. Phosphorus controlling
High phosphorus can cause itching, low blood calcium and excessive PTH releasing, which over time can weaken bones and make them more likely to break and develop renal osteodystrophy. Therefore, diabetics on dialysis should control phosphorus containing foods such as bean products, icecream, peanuts, almonds, chocolates and raisins.
Above all are some advice for the diet of diabetics on dialysis. Although diet can help to keep internal balance, kidney condition will continue to deteriorate if no treatment is adopted.
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