Taking Measures to Prevent Diabetic Nephropathy in Advance
1. Keep a proper diet.
Patients with Diabetes should limit their intake of salt so as to alleviate their edema and hypertension. For the patients with Diabetes, if they have renal dysfunction at the same time, they should control the intake of protein, which not only has an effect in improving renal function, but also can prevent too much urine protein from being discharged. Generally speaking, the intake of protein should be kept within 30～40 grams a day. Meanwhile, patients should choose foods that contain quality proteins such us fish, egg white and so on.
2. Control blood pressure.
Some patients with Diabetes also have hypertension at the same time, which can cause renal dysfunction. In return, renal function can aggravate hypertension. Controlling blood pressure plays an important role in delaying the descending of glomerular filtration rate and also can reduce the discharge of protein in urine.
3. Avoid medicines that contain renal toxicity.
Some medicines may contain renal toxicity such as Gentamicin, Streptomycin, Amikacin, which can do harm to kidney. So patients with Diabetes should be careful when taking medicines. In addition, contrast agent also can damage the renal function so patients should avoid intravenous pyelography as possible as they can.
4. Improve lesions of renal capillaries.
Patients with Diabetic Nephropathy should take some medicines such as Dipyridamole, Danshinone to dilate vessels, promote blood circulation.
5. Control glycometabolism effectively.
Glycometabolism disorder can damage the basilar membrane of blood capillaries and change their compositions. As a result, the basilar membrane of blood capillaries will become thicker than normal thus their permeability will decline, which can result in Diabetic Nephropathy. Therefore, controlling glycometabolism effectively can prevent Diabetic Nephropathy. Usually, the patients with Diabetic Nephropathy can control their blood sugar by taking oral antidiabetic drugs. For those whose diseases are serious, they can control their blood sugar by injecting insulin.
6. Prevent and treat urinary tract infection.
For patients with Diabetes, their resistances against infection decline so they are more likely to get pyelonephritis, which can aggravate the renal injury. However, clinically, patients do not have obvious symptoms such as frequent urination, urgent urination, odynuria and fever. Most of them just feel uncomfortable when urinating or have back pain.
Diabetic Nephropathy is a life-threatening disease. So the patients with Diabetes should pay more attention to the precautionary measures to prevent its occurrence in advance. If ypu wan to know more about how to prevent Diabetic Nephropathy , you can srarch on this website http://www.diabete-site.com/DNPrevention/.