The Possible Risks Kidney Patients Could Have after Kidney Transplantation
When the transplanted kidney is put into your kidney, the immune system would identify it as an enemy and start to attack it, which is called rejection. Patients must take medications to restrain the immune system to protect the transplanted kidney, and these medications are called immunosuppressive agent(anti-rejection drugs), which could bring serious consequences potentially.
Patients should not stop taking anti-rejection drugs or adjust the dose on their own, which is very dangerous.
2. the toxicity of medications
The anti-rejection medications kidney patients take, like Ciclosporin and Prograf(FK506), can protect the transplanted kidney against rejection of the body. But, on the other hand,these medications are toxic to kidneys themselves and can affect the transplanted kidney’s function.
what’s more, many medications could cause discomfort in gastrointestinal tract, acne and gum hypertrophy.
The immunosuppressive agent increases your chance of getting different forms of infection, among which lung infection should be heeded to most. In most cases, lung infection happens three to four months after the surgery. So the patients should protect themselves from cold and other infections. And if the patients have fever, cough, and sense of suppression in the chest, they should go to hospital to receive treatment.
4. high blood pressure
High blood pressure is a very common issue for kidney patients who have undergone kidney transplantation, which not only affects the transplanted kidney, but also the patients’ heart and blood vessels. So, it is vital to keep the blood pressure within the normal range.
The immunosuppressive agent puts patients at a high risk of developing Diabetes, so it is highly necessary for the patients to monitor the changes of their blood glucose. What's more, for patients who had already had Diabetes befor the kidney transplantation surgery, their task is much harder.
Just like Diabetes, the immunosuppressive agent would elevate the cholesterol level in bloodstream. High-level cholesterol in the bloodstream boosts not only the risk of chronic rejection, but also cardiovascular events.
As you can see, there are so many potential risks after kidney transplant. So it is recommended that the patients should take medications as the doctors prescribe, and do check-ups on a regular basis.
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