Peritoneal Dialysis in Diabetic Patients
Diabetes can cause chronic kidney disease
Diabetes is a common condition in which your body does not make enough insulin or becomes resistant to the effects of insulin. Insulin is a hormone to regulate carbohydrate and fat metabolism in the body. Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes can affect the kidneys leading to chronic kidney disease. Kidney disease is a complication of diabetes caused by the high blood glucose. In general, chronic kidney disease may occur after 5-10 years in people with diabetes which tends to progress slowly but in some cases, it is renal failure when people find the kidney problems. Proteinuria is an early sign of kidney disease. You may be first diagnosed with kidney disease due to protein in the urine. Proteinuria, on the contrary will affect the kidney. So people with diabetes need to have a urine test a year or half a year. You may experience some symptoms with kidney disease like edema, high blood pressure, fatigue, numbness or burning in the feet. When you develops more severe symptoms, such as massive swelling, shortness of breath, nausea, loss of appetite especially a high creatinine level, you doctor is going to order a dialysis.
There are two types of dialysis- peritoneal dialysis and hemodialysis. They two have advantages and disadvantage. Before choosing a dialysis, there are many factors to consider such primary disease, complications, physical condition, and medical condition and so on. But quality of life is often the most important one. People with diabetes mellitus can do very well on peritoneal dialysis. Peritoneal dialysis is convenient so that people can work, raise a family or go to school. Peritoneal dialysis can be done at home rather than in dialysis center or hospital. It is reminded that an early start of peritoneal dialysis is favorable to prevent complications and the decline of kidney disease. Peritoneal dialysis can protect the left kidney function. Diabetic nephropathy is suitable for diabetes people.