Early Symptoms of Diabetes
Diabetes is characterized by recurrent or persistent hyperglycemia, and is diagnosed by demonstrating any one of the following:
Fasting plasma glucose level ≥ 7.0 mmol/L (126 mg/dL);
Plasma glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dL) two hours after a 75 g oral glucose load as in a glucose tolerance test;
Symptoms of hyperglycemia and casual plasma glucose ≥ 11.1 mmol/L (200 mg/dL);
Glycated hemoglobin (Hb A1C) ≥ 6.5%.
At early stage of Diabetes, patients seldom to take tests in hospital, however, there are some symptoms you can find in daily life.
Firstly, Diuresis is a common symptom to patients with Diabetes. The normal urine volume is 2400ml/d, if you find you urinate a lot, there may some disease. Patients with Diabetes will urinate more frequently. Maybe they will urinate a time every one hour or every two hours. Some patients can even urinate more than 30 times every day and night. If you happen to have family history of Diabetes, you may suspect of Diabetes. If you urinate a lot, your kidneys have to excrete extra glucose from body. When extra glucose cannot be discharged by their kidneys, osmotic urination will occur in them, which causes diuresis.
Secondly, frequent urination will eliminate much urine glucose. The blood sugar can not enter into cells and can not be used by cells. So patients' body lacks of energy and need supplement of energy, which causes hyperorexia. However, though patients with Diabetes eat a lot, their weight will be less and less with the aggravation of the disease. The main reason is that the nutrition can not be absorbed by the body.
Finally, blurry vision and fatigue are the common symptoms to patients with Diabetes. Usually, patients with Diabetes sleep a lot and they feel very tired after exercise. So, they are suggested to take mild exercise, such as dancing, walking and so on. In order to improve the eyesight and prevent eye disease, patients had better not watching TV.
If you pay more attention to the symptoms and then treat Diabetes timely, you can avoid complications and Diabetic Nephropathy. If you want to know more about Diabetes, you can email us: [email protected]
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