Risks of Hypoglycemia (Low Blood Sugar) in People with Diabetes
What are causes of hypoglycemia?
With low blood sugar, there is not enough sugar in the blood to provide the body with energy. Several reasons may lead to this state:
Not eating on time or not eating enough carbohydrates.
Taking the wrong doses of insulin or timing it incorrectly.
Usual amount of exercises.
Drinking alcohol especially at limosis state.
Decreasing clearance rates of both insulin and hypoglycemic agents due to renal insufficiency.
Generally, interacts of theses factors trigger low blood sugar.
What are symptoms of Hypoglycemia?
In general, Hypoglycemia is diagnosed if blood sugar levels are less than 60mg/dL. In clinical, early symptoms of low blood sugar include unexplained sweat, anxiety, feeling shaky or dizzy, paleness, and excessive hunger which are subtle and difficult to recognize. So it is important for you to be vigilant for early signs. Without effective control, more serious and obvious symptoms will appear in the later stage which including loss of coordination, lethargy, weakness, confusion, personality changes, loss of conscious and seizure.
What are risks of Hypoglycemia?
Without timely and effective measures, Hypoglycemia may cause great damages or even threaten your life.
Hypoglycemia can cause damages to brain cells. Energy of brain tissue is supplied by sugar in the blood. The stored energy within brain tissue is very limited which can only sustain brain cell function for 5~10 minutes. So when Hypoglycemia appears, the amount of sugar in brain tissue will reduce. In this case, brain tissue is easy to be damaged. Severe damage caused by hypoglycemic coma lasting for more than 6 hours will lead to dementia or even death and brain tissue will never recover to the normal state. Besides, Hypoglycemia will take effect on renal function which leads to arrhythmia, stenocardia or acute myocardial infarction and so on.
Due to the fluctuate levels of blood sugar, you should be prepared for possible appearance of Hypoglycemia and take effective precautions. While continuously maintaining blood sugar levels in the target range through proper tools, knowledge and support, you can avoid severe hypoglycemic episodes.
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