Stem Cells Help Restore Beta Cells in Diabetics
Insulin is inside the pancreas. Beta cells make the hormone insulin. With each meal, beta cells release insulin to help the body use or store the blood glucose it gets from food. In type 1 diabetes, the beta cells have been destroyed and they need insulin injection to control blood sugar. In type 2 diabetes, the body produces insulin but it does not response to insulin called insulin rejection.
Scientists are dedicated to finding certain cells which can regenerate more beta cell to produce more insulin in the body. Stem cells are this kind of cells which have the ability to divide and differentiate into various types of cells. Stem cells research is hot in the world because scientists believed that stem cells have the promise of changing the treatment of refractory diseases with its characteristic features.
Healthy stem cells are derived from the tissues and then cultured and purified in the laboratory. These healthy stem cells can be implanted into the body through vein. Under right condition, stem cells differentiate into beta cells to increase the production of insulin.
After stem cells transplant, general outcomings include:
Blood sugar decreasing
Glycosylated hemoglobin decreasing
In some cases, it is possible to get rid of insulin injection.
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